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Production Operations

Production Chemistry

Description

This course covers the selection and use of chemicals used in oil and gas production.

As oil fields mature more water is produced which requires the use of more chemicals to maintain production. Chemicals used for controlling corrosion, emulsions, foaming, mineral scales, paraffin (waxes), asphaltenes, gas hydrates, hydrogen sulfide scavengers, and water clarifiers are covered. The course includes methods to determine the need for chemical treating, how to select the proper chemicals, and how testing for chemical compatibility with the formation and other chemicals is performed. Requirements for environmentally friendly products and products for deepwater production are discussed. The course will include how the use of chemicals can prevent problems, improve production and economics, and extend the life of the well.


Objectives

By the end of this course, participants will learn how to:

  • Recognize corrosive conditions and monitor corrosion rates
  • Select and apply corrosion inhibitors
  • Predict and treat emulsions
  • Understand the causes and control of foaming
  • Predict scale forming conditions
  • Select and apply scale inhibitors
  • Control gas hydrate formation
  • Predict and control paraffin (wax) deposition
  • Evaluate methods for asphaltene control
  • Scavenge low concentrations of H2S
  • Select and apply water clarifiers
  • Select chemicals for use in deep water
  • Select environmentally friendly chemicals

Target Audience

Production engineers, facility engineers and technicians dealing with well and near well operations, who are responsible for recognizing and treating problems that require chemicals.


Production Operations Outline

The course covers the following topics:

 

  • Corrosive agents
  • Corrosion inhibitor selection and application
  • Predicating and monitoring corrosion rates
  • Basics of oil field emulsions
  • Demulsifier selection and field application
  • Foams
  • Defoamers
  • Foam basics
  • Field application of foams
  • How defoamers work
  • Compounds that cause scaling
  • Predication of scaling tendency
  • Scale inhibitors
  • Solvents to dissolve scales
  • Requirements for gas hydrates to form
  • Types of compounds used to control hydrate formation
  • Causes of paraffin (wax) problems
  • Paraffin treatment chemicals
  • Asphaltene stability tests
  • Asphaltene treatment chemicals
  • Chemicals used as H2S scavengers
  • Application of scavengers
  • Oil carryover in the water
  • Removal of oil and oily solids
  • Tests required for chemicals used in deep water
  • Green chemicals (Environmentally friendly chemicals)
  • International guidelines

  
  

Ref Location From To Cost
PO08 Kuwait 8-3-2020 12-3-2020